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MMaker's YTPMV & 音MAD Document


Header art by Hiro Yoshinaka

This living document is a more-or-less related to YTPMV/音MAD reference document/paste that I’ll be continually updating. I hope you may find it useful!


Table of Contents


What is YTPMV/音MAD?

The answer to this can get pretty lengthy, so to keep things short considering most people reading this are already familiar with it, the core of YTPMV/音MAD is remixing popular or obscure media in both audio and visuals. Both are essentially the same thing and offshoots of their own niches — YTPMV is an offshoot of YouTube Poop, and 音MAD (or otoMAD) is an offshoot of MADs.

It’s a fairly expansive niche that encompasses many forms of media, cultures, styles, and tastes. It can usually be found on the most popular video sharing sites for each respective region (YouTube in the US, Niconico in Japan, Bilibili in China). Like much creative work there is no one “true” way to create or enjoy it. And, because most authors will not always explicitly state their work is a YTPMV or 音MAD, this definition tends to be fairly loose.

If this is your first time hearing about YTPMV/音MAD or you are not familiar with it already, I implore you to explore it for yourself. It’s a form of media best enjoyed through discovering what creators and styles pique your interest and creating new things on your own (or with friends), and the rabbit hole goes just about as deep as you want.


Why this document?

I’ve made this doc of resources in attempt to make something more complete for a wider range of people to help others potentially get up to speed more quickly, and because no full-fledged wiki-like equivalent currently exists (at least for now!)

Most information about YTPMV/音MAD tends to be only surface level, incomplete, in a different language, or simply via word of mouth. This is mostly due to the behavior of the community and how people got into it, and regional differences (Japan, for example, has much more public information and guides in Japanese). There also tends to be the practice of anonymity due to the nature of some sources/material and gatekeeping to reduce the amount low-effort works being made (Search for ‘shuric scan’ on YouTube and sort by most recent, this is just one example of something that has plagued the community, specifically YTPMV).

This doc does not cover everything as it is mostly a general overview, and I will not spoonfeed. There truly is nothing that special about YTPMV/音MAD that separates it from other things and there is no ‘special sauce’ other than the effort and time you put in. People have been making sampled music and visual effects and idolizing/mocking popular media for decades now — so if all those successful people can do that with the resources already out there, you can too! And it is nice to use your brain once in a while. 💪🧠

In all of this do take it with a grain of salt though. As mentioned earlier I believe with how large the niche is and with how many professions it potentially covers (storytelling, audio design, composition, visual effects, programming, project management, comedy [or potentially just “comedy”, lol], etc.), finding out what you like about it and going from there is the best way to get the most enjoyment out of it. And even then you don’t need to listen to me blab on about this at all — just do what you like and have fun!


I know I mentioned in the previous section it’s best to explore things on your own, but there are a few (or many depending on who you ask) works that are considered to be trailblazers or in some way historical to the community. Here are some selections:


Software

The software used to create YTPMV/音MAD can sometimes vary but there a few most common:

  • Vegas Pro (previously Sony Vegas Pro)
    • Paid. Often the gateway drug for YTPMV. A non-linear editor with support for both audio and video editing. Feasible to make a YTPMV with only this.
  • REAPER
    • Shareware. A multi-platform and very open-ended digital audio workstation (DAW) with lots of customization support. Probably the most used DAW (unless you consider Vegas one) by YTPMV/音MAD creators.
  • FL Studio
    • Paid. User-friendly DAW that probably everyone knows about and is the easiest to get into for most. Very good all-around.
  • Adobe After Effects
    • Paid. VFX, motion graphics, and compositing software with a lot of wiggle room for all things inbetween. Regarded as the simplest to get into more higher-fidelity visuals but still has a learning curve.
  • AviUtl
    • Free. Video editor that’s a cross between the simplicity of Vegas and complexity of After Effects. Mostly only used by Japanese creators. Has an English translation and is largely expanded by plugins written by other users.
  • Blender
    • Free. Open source 3D graphics application. Has a steeper learning curve than most 3D apps due to it’s unique interface, but has a very supportive community and is up-to-par with (and some would say even better) just about every other 3D software out there now.
  • youtube-dl
    • Free. Open source utility to download videos from many video sharing sites. This is how most people get their sources. If you’re using a different downloader currently, chances are it’s actually based on this one.
    • For downloading from Niconico, a specific fork of youtube-dl must be used instead, found here: https://github.com/animelover1984/youtube-dl
  • Other software
    • Photoshop, Illustrator, Ableton, DaVinci Resolve, Melodyne, Vocalshifter, UTAU, MMD, Cinema 4D, Maya, Houdini, Nuke, custom tools, etc…
    • The list goes on. Some are what other people use and others are more specialized or advanced. It’s likely if you’re this deep in you know what you’re doing.

Tutorials


Source Packs

Lurk more!

In all seriousness, I am not going to link any here as a good amount can come from pirated or NSFW content, but they are easy enough to find if you know some keywords and how to search for things Online. Some source packs are also of questionable quality, so sometimes you’re better off making your own, and then sharing if you choose to do so.

Also, use whatever sources YOU want to see being used or go and look for more, you don’t always need to use existing ones. Sub-cultures and fads within this medium are often the product of the work of initially a few people or sometimes just one. Be creative!


Vegas → After Effects equivalents

Type Vegas AE
Effect 360° Stabilization Window → VR Comp Editor.jsx, 3D Camera Tracker
Effect Add Noise Noise
Effect AutoLooks Lumetri Color
Effect Bézier Masking Shape layers, masking
Effect Black and White Black & White
Effect Black Restore Luma Key
Effect Border Bevel Alpha, Roughen Edges, masking
Effect Brightness and Contrast Brightness & Contrast
Effect Broadcast Colors Broadcast Colors
Effect Bump Map CC Glass + comp lights
Effect Channel Blend Channel Combiner, Shift Channels
Effect Chroma Blur Keylight + Key Cleaner + Advanced Spill Suppressor
Effect Chroma Keyer Keylight, Linear Color Key
Effect Color Balance Color Balance, Selective Color, Curves, Lumetri Color, etc.
Effect Color Corrector Color Balance, Selective Color, Curves, Lumetri Color, etc.
Effect Color Grading Color Balance, Selective Color, Curves, Lumetri Color, etc.
Effect Color Match Tritone, Lumetri Color, etc. (footage dependent)
Effect Convolution Kernel Fast Box Blur, Emboss, CC Glass, Find Edges, Sharpen Edges, Sharpen, CC Kernel
Effect Cookie Cutter Shape layers, masking
Effect Crop Linear Wipe, masking
Effect Defocus Camera Lens Blur
Effect Deform CC Bender, Warp
Effect Dual Fish Eye Stitching Resources: #1, #2, #3
Effect Fill Light Tint + Brightness & Contrast + Fast Box Blur
Effect Film Effects Noise, Add Grain
Effect Film Grain Add Grain
Effect Gaussian Blur Gaussian Blur
Effect Glint Starglow (3rd-party), various effect stacks
Effect Glow Glow
Effect Gradient Map Colorama
Effect HSL Adjust Color Balance (HLS)
Effect Invert Invert
Effect LAB Adjust Resources: #1 (Also look into color management, profiles)
Effect Layer Dimensionality Drop Shadow, layer styles
Effect Lens Correction Optics Compensation, CC Lens
Effect Lens Flare Lens Flare, Optical Flares (3rd-party)
Effect Levels Levels
Effect Light Rays CC Light Burst, CC Light Rays, CC Radial Fast Blur, masking
Effect Linear Blur Fast Box Blur
Effect LUT Filter Lumetri Color
Effect Mask Generator Set Channels, Fill, masking
Effect Median Median
Effect Mesh Warp Mesh Warp
Effect Min and Max Minimax
Effect Mirror Mirror
Effect Newsprint m’s Halftone (3rd-party), BorisFX halftone (3rd-party), various custom effect/layer stacks
Effect Picture In Picture Transform
Effect Pinch/Punch Bulge
Effect Pixelate Mosaic
Effect Quick Blur Fast Box Blur
Effect Radial Blur Radial Blur, CC Radial Fast Blur
Effect Radial Pixelate Mosaic Plane (3rd-party) (not exactly the same)
Effect Rays CC Light Burst, CC Light Rays, CC Radial Fast Blur, Optical Flares (3rd-party)
Effect Saturation Adjust Curves, Levels, Color Balance, etc.
Effect Scene Rotation Polar Coordinates + Transform
Effect Sepia Tint
Effect Sharpen Sharpen
Effect Slow Motion Time remapping + frame blending, CC Wide Time, Timewarp, Twixtor (3rd-party
Effect Smart Upscale Detail-Preserving Upscale, GPUResize (3rd-party)
Effect Smart Zoom Detail-Preserving Upscale, GPUResize (3rd-party)
Effect Soft Contrast Brightness & Contrast, CC Vignette
Effect Spherize Spherize
Effect Starburst Starglow (3rd-party), various effect stacks
Effect Stereoscopic 3D Adjust Resources: #1, #2, #3
Effect Swirl Twirl
Effect Threshold CC Threshold RGB
Effect Timecode Timecode
Effect Tiny Planet Polar Coordinates + Optics Compensation
Effect TV Simulator Various effect/layer stacks, Universe VHS (3rd-party)
Effect Unsharp Mask Unsharp Mask
Effect Video Stabilization Warp Stabilizer
Effect Vignette Vignette, masking
Effect Wave Wave Warp
Effect White Balance Curves, Levels, Lumetri Color, etc.
Media Generator Checkerboard Checkerboard
Media Generator Color Gradient Gradient Ramp, Colorama, masking
Media Generator Credit Roll Text layer(s)
Media Generator Noise Texture Fractal Noise, Turbulent Noise
Media Generator Solid Color Fill, solid layer
Media Generator Test Pattern Gradient Ramp, 4-Color Gradient, Mosaic, Tint, or just download the patterns
Media Generator Titles & Text Text layer(s)
Track Motion 2D Shadow Drop Shadow
Track Motion 2D Glow Drop Shadow
Transition 3D Blinds Card Wipe
Transition 3D Cascade Card Dance
Transition 3D Fly In/Out 3D layers
Transition 3D Shuffle 3D layers
Transition Barn Door Linear Wipe, masking + Transform, animating
Transition Clock Wipe Radial Wipe
Transition Cross Effect CC Cross Blur
Transition Dissolve Animate opacity, various Channel effects
Transition Flash Levels, Tint, solid layer
Transition Gradient Wipe Gradient Wipe
Transition Iris Iris Wipe
Transition Linear Wipe Linear Wipe
Transition Page Loop CC Page Turn
Transition Page Peel CC Page Turn
Transition Page Roll CC Page Turn
Transition Portals None (would need to be made/written manually)
Transition Push Transform, animate layers
Transition Slide Transform, animate layers
Transition Spiral Transform, animate layers
Transition Split Transform, masking, animate layers
Transition Squeeze Transform, animate layers
Transition Star Wipe Shape layers, masking
Transition Swap Transform, animate layers
Transition Venetian Blinds Venetian Blinds
Transition Warp Flow Reshape
Transition Zoom Transform, animate layers

Useful AE Shortcuts

Shortcut Name
' Enable title safe markings in viewport
], [ Set layer start/end point @ playhead
` Maximize / reset size of panel
B, N Set work area
C Camera tool
Ctrl+(hold left mouse) Preview audio for 10 (?) frames
Ctrl+(scrub mouse) Preview audio
Ctrl+], Ctrl+[ Cut layer start/end point @ playhead
Ctrl+D Duplicate layer
Ctrl+Home Center layer in viewport
Ctrl+Shift+C Pre-compose layer(s)
Ctrl+Shift+D Split layer
G Pen / Feather mask tool
H Hand tool
LL Show layer’s audio waveform
Shift+' Enable grid in viewport
T, R, A, P, S Transparency (opacity), Rotation, Anchor point, Position, Scale
U Display animated properties
UU Display modified properties
V Selection tool
W (w)Rotate tool
X Scroll to selected layer in timeline
Y Pan / anchor point tool

External Links/Resources