MMaker's YTPMV & 音MAD Document
This living document is a more-or-less related to YTPMV/音MAD reference document/paste that I’ll be continually updating. I hope you may find it useful!
Table of Contents
- General information
What is YTPMV/音MAD?
The answer to this can get pretty lengthy, so to keep things short considering most people reading this are already familiar with it, the core of YTPMV/音MAD is remixing popular or obscure media in both audio and visuals. Both are essentially the same thing and offshoots of their own niches — YTPMV is an offshoot of YouTube Poop, and 音MAD (or otoMAD) is an offshoot of MADs.
It’s a fairly expansive niche that encompasses many forms of media, cultures, styles, and tastes. It can usually be found on the most popular video sharing sites for each respective region (YouTube in the US, Niconico in Japan, Bilibili in China). Like much creative work there is no one “true” way to create or enjoy it. And, because most authors will not always explicitly state their work is a YTPMV or 音MAD, this definition tends to be fairly loose.
If this is your first time hearing about YTPMV/音MAD or you are not familiar with it already, I implore you to explore it for yourself. It’s a form of media best enjoyed through discovering what creators and styles pique your interest and creating new things on your own (or with friends), and the rabbit hole goes just about as deep as you want.
Why this document?
I’ve made this doc of resources in attempt to make something more complete for a wider range of people to help others potentially get up to speed more quickly, and because no full-fledged wiki-like equivalent currently exists (at least for now!)
Most information about YTPMV/音MAD tends to be only surface level, incomplete, in a different language, or simply via word of mouth. This is mostly due to the behavior of the community and how people got into it, and regional differences (Japan, for example, has much more public information and guides in Japanese). There also tends to be the practice of anonymity due to the nature of some sources/material and gatekeeping to reduce the amount low-effort works being made (Search for ‘shuric scan’ on YouTube and sort by most recent, this is just one example of something that has plagued the community, specifically YTPMV).
This doc does not cover everything as it is mostly a general overview, and I will not spoonfeed. There truly is nothing that special about YTPMV/音MAD that separates it from other things and there is no ‘special sauce’ other than the effort and time you put in. People have been making sampled music and visual effects and idolizing/mocking popular media for decades now — so if all those successful people can do that with the resources already out there, you can too! And it is nice to use your brain once in a while. 💪🧠
In all of this do take it with a grain of salt though. As mentioned earlier I believe with how large the niche is and with how many professions it potentially covers (storytelling, audio design, composition, visual effects, programming, project management, comedy [or potentially just “comedy”, lol], etc.), finding out what you like about it and going from there is the best way to get the most enjoyment out of it. And even then you don’t need to listen to me blab on about this at all — just do what you like and have fun!
I know I mentioned in the previous section it’s best to explore things on your own, but there are a few (or many depending on who you ask) works that are considered to be trailblazers or in some way historical to the community. Here are some selections:
- Classic YTPMV
- Playlist by omknee, one of the earliest YTPMV creators. Contains videos pre- and post-dating when the term YTPMV was coined.
- Big Beat Mario and Ronald McDonald insanity
- Danjiri Matsuri (本格的男尻祭, or “Authentic Male Ass Festival”)
- Yearly large-scale 音MAD collaboration from Japan with an international equivalent (International Wrestling Festival), based around the Wrestling Series, more commonly referred to as Gachimuchi. The 2010 collaboration, BOY NEXT YEAR (NSFW!), is one of the most viewed and upheld 音MAD collaborations.
- OctagonCollaboration and the Old Spice Collaboration Team
The software used to create YTPMV/音MAD can sometimes vary but there a few most common:
- Vegas Pro (previously Sony Vegas Pro)
- Paid. Often the gateway drug for YTPMV. A non-linear editor with support for both audio and video editing. Feasible to make a YTPMV with only this.
- Shareware. A multi-platform and very open-ended digital audio workstation (DAW) with lots of customization support. Probably the most used DAW (unless you consider Vegas one) by YTPMV/音MAD creators.
- FL Studio
- Paid. User-friendly DAW that probably everyone knows about and is the easiest to get into for most. Very good all-around.
- Adobe After Effects
- Paid. VFX, motion graphics, and compositing software with a lot of wiggle room for all things inbetween. Regarded as the simplest to get into more higher-fidelity visuals but still has a learning curve.
- Free. Video editor that’s a cross between the simplicity of Vegas and complexity of After Effects. Mostly only used by Japanese creators. Has an English translation and is largely expanded by plugins written by other users.
- Free. Open source 3D graphics application. Has a steeper learning curve than most 3D apps due to it’s unique interface, but has a very supportive community and is up-to-par with (and some would say even better) just about every other 3D software out there now.
- Free. Open source utility to download videos from many video sharing sites. This is how most people get their sources. If you’re using a different downloader currently, chances are it’s actually based on this one.
- For downloading from Niconico, a specific fork of youtube-dl must be used instead, found here: https://github.com/animelover1984/youtube-dl
- Other software
- Photoshop, Illustrator, Ableton, DaVinci Resolve, Melodyne, Vocalshifter, UTAU, MMD, Cinema 4D, Maya, Houdini, Nuke, custom tools, etc…
- The list goes on. Some are what other people use and others are more specialized or advanced. It’s likely if you’re this deep in you know what you’re doing.
- Vegas Pro
- After Effects
- Beginner’s After Effects & YTPMV (Tutorial Series) - by MMaker
- Automatic YTPMV Screenflipping - by MMaker
- There is also an updated and revised version of this tutorial that may be of interest to more advanced users.
In all seriousness, I am not going to link any here as a good amount can come from pirated or NSFW content, but they are easy enough to find if you know some keywords and how to search for things Online. Some source packs are also of questionable quality, so sometimes you’re better off making your own, and then sharing if you choose to do so.
Also, use whatever sources YOU want to see being used or go and look for more, you don’t always need to use existing ones. Sub-cultures and fads within this medium are often the product of the work of initially a few people or sometimes just one. Be creative!
Vegas → After Effects equivalents
|Effect||360° Stabilization||Window → VR Comp Editor.jsx, 3D Camera Tracker|
|Effect||Bézier Masking||Shape layers, masking|
|Effect||Black and White||Black & White|
|Effect||Black Restore||Luma Key|
|Effect||Border||Bevel Alpha, Roughen Edges, masking|
|Effect||Brightness and Contrast||Brightness & Contrast|
|Effect||Broadcast Colors||Broadcast Colors|
|Effect||Bump Map||CC Glass + comp lights|
|Effect||Channel Blend||Channel Combiner, Shift Channels|
|Effect||Chroma Blur||Keylight + Key Cleaner + Advanced Spill Suppressor|
|Effect||Chroma Keyer||Keylight, Linear Color Key|
|Effect||Color Balance||Color Balance, Selective Color, Curves, Lumetri Color, etc.|
|Effect||Color Corrector||Color Balance, Selective Color, Curves, Lumetri Color, etc.|
|Effect||Color Grading||Color Balance, Selective Color, Curves, Lumetri Color, etc.|
|Effect||Color Match||Tritone, Lumetri Color, etc. (footage dependent)|
|Effect||Convolution Kernel||Fast Box Blur, Emboss, CC Glass, Find Edges, Sharpen Edges, Sharpen, CC Kernel|
|Effect||Cookie Cutter||Shape layers, masking|
|Effect||Crop||Linear Wipe, masking|
|Effect||Defocus||Camera Lens Blur|
|Effect||Deform||CC Bender, Warp|
|Effect||Dual Fish Eye Stitching||Resources: #1, #2, #3|
|Effect||Fill Light||Tint + Brightness & Contrast + Fast Box Blur|
|Effect||Film Effects||Noise, Add Grain|
|Effect||Film Grain||Add Grain|
|Effect||Gaussian Blur||Gaussian Blur|
|Effect||Glint||Starglow (3rd-party), various effect stacks|
|Effect||HSL Adjust||Color Balance (HLS)|
|Effect||LAB Adjust||Resources: #1 (Also look into color management, profiles)|
|Effect||Layer Dimensionality||Drop Shadow, layer styles|
|Effect||Lens Correction||Optics Compensation, CC Lens|
|Effect||Lens Flare||Lens Flare, Optical Flares (3rd-party)|
|Effect||Light Rays||CC Light Burst, CC Light Rays, CC Radial Fast Blur, masking|
|Effect||Linear Blur||Fast Box Blur|
|Effect||LUT Filter||Lumetri Color|
|Effect||Mask Generator||Set Channels, Fill, masking|
|Effect||Mesh Warp||Mesh Warp|
|Effect||Min and Max||Minimax|
|Effect||Newsprint||m’s Halftone (3rd-party), BorisFX halftone (3rd-party), various custom effect/layer stacks|
|Effect||Picture In Picture||Transform|
|Effect||Quick Blur||Fast Box Blur|
|Effect||Radial Blur||Radial Blur, CC Radial Fast Blur|
|Effect||Radial Pixelate||Mosaic Plane (3rd-party) (not exactly the same)|
|Effect||Rays||CC Light Burst, CC Light Rays, CC Radial Fast Blur, Optical Flares (3rd-party)|
|Effect||Saturation Adjust||Curves, Levels, Color Balance, etc.|
|Effect||Scene Rotation||Polar Coordinates + Transform|
|Effect||Slow Motion||Time remapping + frame blending, CC Wide Time, Timewarp, Twixtor (3rd-party|
|Effect||Smart Upscale||Detail-Preserving Upscale, GPUResize (3rd-party)|
|Effect||Smart Zoom||Detail-Preserving Upscale, GPUResize (3rd-party)|
|Effect||Soft Contrast||Brightness & Contrast, CC Vignette|
|Effect||Starburst||Starglow (3rd-party), various effect stacks|
|Effect||Stereoscopic 3D Adjust||Resources: #1, #2, #3|
|Effect||Threshold||CC Threshold RGB|
|Effect||Tiny Planet||Polar Coordinates + Optics Compensation|
|Effect||TV Simulator||Various effect/layer stacks, Universe VHS (3rd-party)|
|Effect||Unsharp Mask||Unsharp Mask|
|Effect||Video Stabilization||Warp Stabilizer|
|Effect||White Balance||Curves, Levels, Lumetri Color, etc.|
|Media Generator||Color Gradient||Gradient Ramp, Colorama, masking|
|Media Generator||Credit Roll||Text layer(s)|
|Media Generator||Noise Texture||Fractal Noise, Turbulent Noise|
|Media Generator||Solid Color||Fill, solid layer|
|Media Generator||Test Pattern||Gradient Ramp, 4-Color Gradient, Mosaic, Tint, or just download the patterns|
|Media Generator||Titles & Text||Text layer(s)|
|Track Motion||2D Shadow||Drop Shadow|
|Track Motion||2D Glow||Drop Shadow|
|Transition||3D Blinds||Card Wipe|
|Transition||3D Cascade||Card Dance|
|Transition||3D Fly In/Out||3D layers|
|Transition||3D Shuffle||3D layers|
|Transition||Barn Door||Linear Wipe, masking + Transform, animating|
|Transition||Clock Wipe||Radial Wipe|
|Transition||Cross Effect||CC Cross Blur|
|Transition||Dissolve||Animate opacity, various Channel effects|
|Transition||Flash||Levels, Tint, solid layer|
|Transition||Gradient Wipe||Gradient Wipe|
|Transition||Linear Wipe||Linear Wipe|
|Transition||Page Loop||CC Page Turn|
|Transition||Page Peel||CC Page Turn|
|Transition||Page Roll||CC Page Turn|
|Transition||Portals||None (would need to be made/written manually)|
|Transition||Push||Transform, animate layers|
|Transition||Slide||Transform, animate layers|
|Transition||Spiral||Transform, animate layers|
|Transition||Split||Transform, masking, animate layers|
|Transition||Squeeze||Transform, animate layers|
|Transition||Star Wipe||Shape layers, masking|
|Transition||Swap||Transform, animate layers|
|Transition||Venetian Blinds||Venetian Blinds|
|Transition||Zoom||Transform, animate layers|
Useful AE Shortcuts
|'||Enable title safe markings in viewport|
|], [||Set layer start/end point @ playhead|
|`||Maximize / reset size of panel|
|B, N||Set work area|
|Ctrl+(hold left mouse)||Preview audio for 10 (?) frames|
|Ctrl+(scrub mouse)||Preview audio|
|Ctrl+], Ctrl+[||Cut layer start/end point @ playhead|
|Ctrl+Home||Center layer in viewport|
|G||Pen / Feather mask tool|
|LL||Show layer’s audio waveform|
|Shift+'||Enable grid in viewport|
|T, R, A, P, S||Transparency (opacity), Rotation, Anchor point, Position, Scale|
|U||Display animated properties|
|UU||Display modified properties|
|X||Scroll to selected layer in timeline|
|Y||Pan / anchor point tool|
- List of 音MAD tags
- Massive list of tags used on Niconico with English descriptions. Doesn’t contain a lot of newer tags but all the ones listed here are still used.
- Nico Nico Pedia
- Large Japanese wiki. There’s an entry for just about every source and joke used in 音MADs here.
- Site created by なあり, allows for more straightforward searching of 音MADs on Niconico.
- YTPMV Podcast
- Now discontinued, but previously provided a lot of interesting insight and history from various creators in the YTPMV scene.
- List of 音MAD tags
- After Effects